The general markup language, xml the extensible markup language. The html citation element is used to describe a reference to a cited creative work, and must include the title of that work. Two primary mime types are important for the role of default types. It is a textbased markup language derived from standard generalized markup language sgml. A url for the source of the quotation may be given using the cite attribute, while a text representation of the source can be given using the element. Xml, a document formatting language used for some world wide web pages. Using html, office documents and data can be stored, distributed, and presented in a format that can be viewed using most web browsers, while retaining the rich content and functionality of office documents stored using. Xml is essentially an agreement among people to store and share textual data using standard methods.
Ssml is an xmlbased markup language that skill developers use to specify the speech text that cortana translates to speech. Following command can be used to convert the document. Like hypertext markup language html, xml uses angle brackets to indicate markup tags for example, or. Microsoft office html and xml reference microsoft office 2000. Doctype declaration refers to a dtd in a external subset. This document serves as a reference for the html syntax, vocabulary and its. The preceding example uses descriptive tags, such as article, to label the information. Usually, this is rendered visually by indentation see notes for how to change it. It is important for all types of software developers. This html reference describes all elements and attributes of html, including global attributes that apply to all elements. In html and xhtml they can be used in the lang and xml. The documents below provide more detail on the format.
Jan 17, 2001 xsl formatting objects xsl fo, an xml vocabulary for specifying formatting semantics. Extensible markup language, abbreviated xml, describes a class of data objects called xml documents and partially describes the behavior of computer programs which process them. Office html and xml microsoft office 2000 supports hypertext markup language html as a native file format. Xml is not going to replace html in the near future, but it introduces new possibilities by adopting many successful features of html. Extensible markup language xml is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both humanreadable and machinereadable. The only viable alternatives, html and sgml, are not practical for this purpose. By construction, xml documents are conforming sgml documents. The extensible markup language xml is a subset of sgml that is completely described in this.
Other document markup languages are partly related to sgml and xml, butbecause they cannot be parsed or validated or otherwise processed using standard sgml and xml toolsthey are not considered either sgml or xml languages. Extensible markup language xml world wide web consortium. Xml plays an important role in many different it systems. Xml standards reference exploring xml webreference. Xml was designed to be both human and machinereadable. Xml, in full extensible markup language, a document formatting language used for some world wide web pages. Xml is often used for distributing data over the internet. Html attribute reference elements in html have attributes. Forget the web, xml is the new way to business xml is the cure for your data exchange, information integration, data exchange, x2y, you name it problems xml, the mother of all web application enablers xml has been the best invention since sliced bread. A comprehensive tutorial that covers xml in 10 chapters. Speech synthesis markup language ssml reference cortana. For example, defining these three types of vehicles. Introduction to the hyper text markup language html.
Generating xml output generating xml output from an sqr program. Maybe it is a little hard to understand, but xml does not do anything. Isolates a part of text that might be formatted in a different direction from other text outside it. The xml specification sets out the following goals for xml. Xml stands for extensible markup language and is a textbased markup language derived from standard generalized markup language sgml. Css stylecss recommandation du w3c depuis decembre 1996, en ver. Fundamentals and markup language reference abstract isoiec 29500 1. Extensible markup language xml 1 xslfo, xml to pdf. It improves the functionality of the web by letting you identify your information in a more accurate. Before you start using xml, study the difference between a valid and wellformed document, how to create dtd document type definition elements, and basic schema declarations to. Publishing xml data in html and pdf using a single xslt. Microsoft office html and xml reference microsoft office 2000 supports hypertext markup language html as a native file format. The web application definition language wadl is a machine readable xml file format that describes the structure of a web service.
Use the lang attribute to specify language tags in html, and the xml. This page lists all the html elements, which are created using tags. Doctype declaration includes other declarations in an internal subset tags and text. A language for addressing parts of an xml document, designed to be used by both xslt and xpointer. First, the xml data is converted to html, as in the previous example. Xml allows developers to create documents that can be used in extensible style sheet language transformations xslt and hypertext markup language html format. Html, as weve already discussed, comes bound with a set of semantics and does not provide arbitrary structure. The extensible markup language xml is a subset of sgml that is completely described in this document. In both cases, language information is inherited by elements inside the one where the declaration was made, unless one of those elements declares a different language in the same way. Xml is a simplified form of sgml standard generalized markup language intended for.
The tutorial is divided into sections such as xml basics, advanced xml, and xml tools. The html element displays its contents styled in a fashion intended to indicate that the text is a short fragment of computer code. Distinct from css, which is rulebased styling language for html xpath specifying individual information items in xml documents xquery generalized query language for xmlbased databases xpointer syntax for stating address information in a link to an xml document. Each of these sections contain related topics with simple and useful examples. Its goal is to enable generic sgml to be served, received, and processed on the web in the way that is now possible with html. Html hyper text markup language is a language for specifying how text and graphics appear on a web page when you visit a web site e. Xml pointer language the language to be used as the basis for a fragment identifier for any uri reference that locates an xml document or xml parsed entity. Frequentlyasked questions about the extensible markup language. Xsl formatting objects xsl fo, an xml vocabulary for specifying formatting semantics.
This tool is available on unix and windows platform. It began to be developed in the 1990s because html, the basic format for web pages, does not allow the definition of new text elements. Ssml is an xml based markup language that skill developers use to specify the speech text that cortana translates to speech. Xml does not carry any information about how to be displayed. Xsl documents describe how to change xml documents into other kinds of documents such as html, txt or even xml.
This section needs revising and may be moved to an external document and simply referred to. If you are interested in more technical detail about a particular topic, please consult the specification. Html hyper text markup language is a language for specifying how text and graphics appear on a web page. Microsoft office html and xml reference microsoft office.
Without metainformation or markup for ascii data, we are quite limited in what we can express. Xml has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both sgml and html. The extensible markup language xml is a subset of sgmlits goal is to enable generic sgml to be served, received, and processed on the web in the way that is now possible with html. Is there a way to specify what language is being used in the tag used within an tag in xml comments i am using sandcastle help file builder to test building documentation from my xml comments, but when i include code samples in my example sections, it. Since the creation of the xml hundreds of xml formats have been developed.
The doctype originates from htmls sgml lineage and, in previous levels of html, was originally used to refer to a document type definition dtd a formal declaration of the elements, attributes and syntactic features that could be used within the document. Ecmascript standardized by the ecma international standards organization in the ecma262 and ecma402 specifications. Xml is an application profile or restricted form of sgml, the standard generalized markup language. Specifies a default color, size, and font for all text in a document. Xml is a software and hardwareindependent tool for storing and transporting data. Hypertext markup language html is the standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser. Xml began to be developed in the 1990s because html hypertext markup language, the basic format for web pages, does not allow the definition of new text elements. With only a modest investment of time, developers can convert an xml file to an html file that users can display in their browsers. Language tags are used to indicate the language of text or other items in html and xml documents. The following ecmascript standards have been approved or are being worked on. Here is a list of mime types, associated by type of documents, ordered by their common extensions.
Using ssml improves the quality of synthesized content over sending cortana plain text. The process of transformation is called xslt, or sometimes xsl transformations. Free xml books download ebooks online textbooks tutorials. This html reference describes all elements and attributes of html, including global attributes that apply to all elements html element reference this page lists all the html elements, which are created using tags. Xml is often used to separate data from presentation. Information technology document description and processing languages office open xml file formats part 1. The resulting html document contains all the css instructions needed for rendering the html document as intended, along with the css extension instructions specific to csstoxslfo that will help in using more sophisticated features of xslfo. Markup should describe a documents structure and other attributes rather than specify the processing that needs to be performed, because it is less likely to. The same xml data can be used in many different presentation scenarios.1502 811 1014 1266 1260 1086 1325 994 390 355 311 1252 1060 1460 1631 1306 1499 1142 579 1569 1648 1000 1566 542 652 1542 741 996 614 400 1400 191 98 870 715 391 932 392 835 675 942 1176 170 534 932 114 103 1253 972